Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Rheumatology is a branch of medicine devoted to the diagnosis and therapy of rheumatic diseases. Rheumatic diseases influence your joints ligaments, tendons, bones, and muscles. Among them are numerous kinds of joint pain, a term utilized for conditions that influence your joints. Sometimes they're called musculoskeletal illnesses. Normal indications include:
• Joint agony
• Loss of movement in a joint or joints
• Inflammation - Swelling, redness, and warmth in a joint or influenced zone
What Causes Rheumatic Disease?
The greater part of these conditions happens when your insusceptible framework goes astray and assaults your own tissues. Specialists aren't sure what causes this. Here and there it's in your qualities. Different occasions it's an aftereffect of something in your general surroundings, similar to tobacco smoke, contamination, or something that causes a disease. Sex additionally assumes a part - rheumatic sicknesses appear to influence ladies more than men.
Common Rheumatic Disorders
There are more than 200 distinct rheumatic diseases. Among the most common ones are:
• Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
• Spondyloarthropathies -- Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) and Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA)
• Sjogren’s syndrome
• Infectious arthritis
• Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
• Polymyalgia rheumatica
Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis generally doesn't influence different joints except if past injury , exorbitant pressure or a basic issue of ligament is included.
Ligament is a firm, rubbery material that covers the closures of bones in typical joints. Its fundamental capacity is to decrease grinding in the joints and fill in as a "safeguard". The stun retaining nature of typical ligament comes from its capacity to change shape when compacted (smoothed or squeezed together).
Osteoarthritis makes the ligament in a joint become firm and lose its flexibility, making it more defenseless to harm. Over the long haul, the ligament may erode in certain territories, incredibly diminishing its capacity to go about as a safeguard. As the ligament decays, ligaments and tendons stretch, causing torment. In the event that the condition declines, the bones could rub against one another.
Rheumatoid arthritis: RA happens when the immune system attacks your own tissues and causes joint pain, swelling, and stiffness. It’s not part of normal aging.
• Pain and swelling in numerous joints (generally similar joints on the two sides of your body, as the two wrists or the two lower legs)
• Issues in different organs, for example, the eyes and lungs
• Joint firmness, particularly towards the beginning of the day
• Lumps called rheumatoid knobs
Some rheumatic infections are chronic or deep rooted, including ankylosing spondylitis, osteoarthritis, psoriatic joint inflammation, and rheumatoid joint inflammation.
Different infections keep going for a lot more limited timeframe, particularly whenever treated instantly and appropriately. For instance, as indicated by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), most instances of Lyme sickness can be restored with oral anti-microbials in three to about a month.