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Prophylactic and Therapeutic Approach in Unani Medicine to Counter the COVID-19: A review

Corona virus disease is a Novel infection which is caused by SARS CoV-2 with serious clinical manifestation. Immune response is essential to eliminate virus and to preclude disease progression to severe stages.As per classical Unani medical wisdom, improving immunity with immune boosters is one of the key approaches for prevention of disease and maintenance of health.

The exact term or disease for this pandemic case is not mentioned in Unani literature but it can be explained under the heading of Humma-e-Wabaiya (Epidemic fever) and Nazla-e-Wabaiya (Epidemic influenza), as described by Persian scholar Najeebuddin Samarqandi. The symptoms of Nazla-e-Wabaiya and Humma-e-Wabaiya mimic with the symptoms of COVID-19,which reinforce the fact that Unani medicine can play a significant role in combating current health problems.

The objectives of this paper are to highlight the description of diseases stated in classical Unani books having symptomatic similarities with COVID-19, to focus view of Unani scholars specially Najeebuddin Samarqandi an Iranian physician, about the diseases mimic with the symptoms of COVID-19, to explain applicability of Unani medicine in context of infectious diseases and epidemics/pandemics (Waba) and its perception, prevention and management. In this paper the role of Unani medicine is described for possible prevention and management.

The Unani books, literatures, articles, different journals was taken in to account, available in personal and third party collection and in the library of GUAMCH and HHRUMCH. Scientific databases like PubMed, Springer and Google Scholar, Sciencedirect were also searched for latest information and also search was done by herbs name and their action. In this paper the role of Unani medicine is described for possible prevention and management.


Shariq H. Khan, Mahbubur Rahman AK

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